Do you recognize the 3 early warning signs of underproofed bread?

I believe we all have been there at least once. You know: – tight and moist crumb, – (shiny) pale crust, – sour and undeveloped taste, – no oven spring, a.k.a underproofed sourdough bread a.k.a brick. What does underproofed mean? It means that the yeast hasn’t produced enough carbon dioxide and the gluten hasn’t been…